Maiduguri Nigeria Food
The city of Maiduguri in Borno state alone has more displaced people than all European countries combined. Attacks by the extremist group Boko Haram have killed 110 farmers, according to Edward Nwachukwu, head of Bornos' National Food Security Commission. Children who fled the "Boko Haram" (Islamic insurgency) have died as the government investigates the theft of food aid by officials. The Nigerian government has said that 26 million people are affected by Boko Haram.
UNICEF warns that an estimated 244,000 children in Borno are acutely malnourished. Some 3.4 million people have been displaced, including 2.5 million internally displaced persons and 1.3 million refugees. According to the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), another 44,000 Nigerians are at risk of famine. About one million of the country's 4.2 million people are at risk of famine, up from 2 million a year ago and 3 million in 2014.
The crisis is exacerbated by conflict - food insecurity that, according to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, has reached critical levels in all four countries.
Rising inflation and Nigeria's current economic recession are exacerbating an already impoverished region that is suffering the effects of Boko Haram's insurgency. With children in Nigeria no longer safe and at risk of famine due to the ongoing conflict in the Lake Chad region, the need for food security is increasing. As Boko Haram continues to devastate Lake Chad, Nigeria and its neighbours will find themselves in a bleak situation. I assure you once again that we will not forget you, our sisters and brothers outside Nigeria.
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Learn more about our work in Borno State, where we have reached more than 1.5 million people in need of food and shelter. Our team distributed 810 tons of food, enough to feed 26,000 families for two weeks. The Nigerian military has also flown 80 tonnes of food to Kala Balge LGA, whose side has been cut off by floods since June.
Since April 2017, Action Against Hunger has been providing emergency food aid to people at risk of famine in northeastern Nigeria. The initiative is working to provide farmers in 13 states with better seeds to reduce the harmful effects of hunger in Nigeria, and is providing food to people in the Northeast every month. The WFP continues its efforts to reduce hunger throughout Nigeria, providing food and nutrition to 632,500 people and providing food, shelter and education to 6.5 million children and young people every month.
Fight hunger in other areas of north-eastern Nigeria and progress in preventing famine in Borno State and combating poverty and malnutrition in the Niger Delta.
The conflict in the north-east has increased food insecurity and hunger in Nigeria, and as more areas in the north-east of Nigeria become accessible for humanitarian aid, the true impact of the crisis will become clear. There are more than 2.8 million children severely malnourished and almost 4.5 million are in need of food, with 65,000 people so poor that they are classified as at risk of hunger in Borno State, one of Nigeria's most populous states. More than 1.3 million people in northeastern Nigeria lack access to adequate food and 28,000 children are severely malnourished.
Many Nigerians displaced during the war against Boko Haram are living in temporary shelters or staying with other families in the city of Maiduguri. Many of the people suffering in the region have been there for years, fleeing from remote, scattered villages in northeastern Nigeria.
Of course, the extent of hunger in this area is not currently present in the rest of northern Nigeria, but there are other long-term factors. There is no doubt that food insecurity in northern and eastern Nigeria is driven by violence. But it is the violence itself that is causing hunger, not the other way around, which is one of the main causes of food security in northeast Nigeria.
Although the formal definition of famine does not, to my knowledge, fully meet the criteria currently in force in north-eastern Nigeria, it is nothing short of a disaster. Food insecurity on the scale we are seeing in northeastern Nigeria is only possible because of actual or threatened violence.
The problem of food insecurity in that country is exacerbated by the lack of access to water, electricity, sanitation and other basic services. The main challenges for Nigeria's development include poverty, unemployment, poverty reduction, food security and poverty eradication. I hope that the new Borno State Government Plan for Food Security and Development (FSDP) will help strengthen the government's capacity to address these issues and address the most pressing challenges in Nigeria.
As displaced Nigerians return home, Nigeria Crisis Response is helping to shelter the destroyed homes of some of the most vulnerable people. Governments and organisations outside Nigeria are stepping up their efforts to help those in need and reduce hunger in Nigeria.